||147,181 sq. kilometers
||70 m-8848 m.
Nepali is the national language of Nepal. Educated people understand and speak
English as well.
Nepal Time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian
Autumn: September- November.
Nepal can be visited the whole year round.
PEOPLE & RELIGION
Nepalese people are mainly divided into two distinct groups the Indo-Aryans and
the Magnolias. Kathmandu Valley is the spiritual and cultural meeting point of
all these groups. Majority of people are Hindu and Buddhist. Beside Hindu and
Buddhist, Muslims and Christians also live in Nepal. Nepal is a birthplace of
Lord Buddha, the light of Asia. There is a complex blending of Hinduism,
Christianity, Islam and
Buddhism in Nepal.
The arid and barren Himalayan landscape Nepal is of roughly trapezoidal shape,
800 kilometers (500 mi) long and 200 kilometers (125 mi) wide, with an area of
147,181 square kilometers (56,827 sq mi). Nepal is commonly divided into three
physiographic areas: the Mountain, Hill, and Terai Regions. These ecological
belts run east-west and are bisected by Nepal's major river systems. Nepal is
roughly the same size as the US state of Michigan.
The Terai Plains bordering India are part of the northern rim of the Indo-Gangetic
plains. They were formed and are fed by three major rivers: the Koshi, the
Narayani (India's Gandaki River), and the Karnali. This region has a hot, humid
The Hill Region abuts the mountains and varies from 1,000 to 4,000 meters
(3,300–13,125 ft) in altitude. Two low mountain ranges, the Mahabharata and the
Churia Range dominate the region. The hilly belt includes the Kathmandu Valley,
the country's most fertile and urbanized area. Unlike the valleys, elevations
above 2,500 meters (8,200 ft) are sparsely populated.
The Mountain Region contains the highest region in the world. The world's
highest mountain, Mount Everest at 8,850 meters (29,035 ft) is located on the
border with China. Eight of the world's fourteen highest mountains are located
in Nepal. Kanchenjunga, the world's third highest peak, is also located in
Nepal. Deforestation is a major problem in all regions, with resulting erosion
and degradation of ecosystems.
Nepal has five climatic zones, broadly corresponding to altitude. The tropical
and subtropical zones lie below 1,200 meters (3,940 ft), the temperate zone
1,200 to 2,400 meters (3,900–7,875 ft), the cold zone 2,400 to 3,600 meters
(7,875–11,800 ft), the sub arctic zone 3,600 to 4,400 meters (11,800–14,400 ft),
and the arctic zone above 4,400 meters (14,400 ft). Nepal experiences five
seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring. The Himalaya blocks cold
winds from Central Asia in winter, and forms the northern limit of the monsoon
CURRENCY & FOREIGN EXCHANGE
Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through the banks or authorized
foreign exchange dealers. The receipts from such transactions are to be obtained
and retained. Visitors can exchange foreign currency at the foreign exchange
counter at the airport upon arrival.Visitor other than the Indian nationals
have to make the payment in hotels, travel or trekking agencies and air tickets
in foreign currency. Non-Indian visitors are not allowed to import or export
Indian Currency. The approximate value of one US Dollar is equivalent to Rs.
68.97 as of June 2008.
Royal Nepal Airlines the national flag carrier of Nepal and other International
airlines operate scheduled flights to Kathmandu from Abu Dhabi, Bangkok, Bombay,
Baharian, Calcutta, Colombo,
Delhi, Dubai, Dhaka, Doha, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Karachi,
London, Moscow, Muscut, New York, Paris, Riyadh, Singapore and Some of other
countries. The International Airlines operating their
flights to Kathmandu include Air Lanka, Aeroflot, Biman Bangladesh Airlines, China South
West Airlines, Druk Air, Gulf Air, Indian Airlines, Ittihad Airlines, Lufthansa, Pakistan International
Airlines, Qatar Airways, Singapore Airlines and Thai International Airlines.
You can apply in your home country or bought at the airport on entry.
A single entry visa costs US$30 for 60 days.
Additional re-entry costs US$25 - Single; US$40
Double; US$60 Multiple.
A 30 day extension costs US$50 (in Nepalese currency)
you must pay for the initial visa in US dollars, cash. Plus you need passport